Montenegro is located between 41º 52´-43º 42´ north latitude and 18º26´- 20 º 22´ east longitudes and belongs to the central Mediterranean that is Southern Europe.
Area: 13,812 km²
Length of borders: 614 km
Capital: Podgorica (186,000 inhabitants) – administrative and economic centre
Royal capital: Cetinje – historical and cultural centre
Length of the sea coast: 293 km
Number of beaches: 117
Length of beaches: 52 km
Longest beach: Velika plaža (Ulcinj) - 13 km
Highest mountain peaks: Maja Rosit (Prokletije) - 2,524 m, Zla Kolata (Prokletije) – 2,534 m; Dobra Kolata (Prokletije)- 2,528 m; Bobotov Kuk (Durmitor) -2,523 m
Largest lake: Skadar Lake (391 m²)
Deepest canyon: Tara (1,300 m)
National parks: Durmitor, Biogradska gora, Skadarsko jezero, Lovcen, Prokletije
The history of Montenegro begins in the early Middle Ages, into the former Roman province of Dalmatia that forms present-day Montenegro. In the 9th century, there were three principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljevic dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav’s son, Mihailo (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (1081–1101).By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm. In the late 14th century, southern Montenegro (Zeta) came under the rule of the Balsic noble family, then the Crnojevic noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora (Venetian: monte negro). Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrovic-Njegos ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.
What does it look like?
A country of miracles, a treasure chest full of most wonderful treasures, as if, as the legend says, the God’s bag had really torn apart when he was giving gifts of nature and wonderful things including the mountains and other beauties fell out of it just above Montenegro.
However, geologists say that this area in the South of Europe and the Balkans, not large but unique for its diversity, was created in ancient times by the strong forces of nature. Made by forces or not – it turned beautiful and unusual – magnificent.
What are its scents like?
Unforgettable! Individual and in harmony: sea salt, mimosa and oleanders, mountain flowers, eternal snow, Austrian pine, smell of mountain cottages and warm home-made bread, stony stairs of old towns, mature Vranac and dried figs and beautiful tall people...
How does it sound?
Fantastic: first you can hear three types of waves – coming from the sea, lakes and rivers, accompanied by the scream of eagles and seagulls, then the whispers of trees in the virgin forest, then the sound of bell on the male heading the herd and laughter of the beloved ones on the beach, echoes of famous battles for freedom, whispers of disappeared tribes and people, deep voice of Slavic songs, legends and fairy tales about fairies and dragons, heroes and saints...
What about tastes?
Mmmm... from the sea food specialties, ham of Njeguši, famous cuisine of Skadar Lake, honey from the mountain of Bjelasica, lamb cooked in most various ways, to cheese and kačamak in the high mountain summer cottages. There are also olives from Bar, watermelons from Zeta, pomegranate juice, wines from the area of Crmnica...
And it offers...
Something for everyone! You can enjoy spectacular nature; this is a place for absolute relaxation and recreation; this is where you can absorb new energy. You can have great fun, adrenalin outbursts, competitive and research thrills. Here you can find small and protected but also long sandy beaches and thousands of kilometres of hiking and biking trails, fast rivers suitable for rafting and kayaking, great ski paths but also untouched landscapes; this is a place of carnivals, concerts, traditional fiestas, theatre played on squares... Here you can meet the richest people in the world in our harbours, and shepherds on the mountains whose wisdom will take you back to the Homer’s time and whose calmness will make you feel in harmony with stars. Enchanted with the uniqueness of diversity and beauty many keep coming back to Montenegro and every time discover another pearl in the unique treasure chest on the Mediterranean.